Multicultural Education Policies in Canada and the United States

By (author) Reva Joshee & Lauri Johnson
Categories: Education, Society and Social Sciences
Publisher: UBC Press
Paperback : 9780774813266, 272 pages, January 2008

Table of contents

Foreword / Charles Ungerleider


Introduction: Cross-Border Dialogue and Multicultural Policy Webs / Lauri Johnson and Reva Joshee

Part 1: Historical Context

1 Past Crossings: US Influences on the Development of Canadian Multicultural Education Policy / Reva Joshee and Susan Winton

2 Diversity Policies in American Schools: A Legacy of Progressive School Leadership and Community Activism / Lauri Johnson

3 We Are Already Multicultural: Why Policy and Leadership Matter / Yoon K. Pak

Part 2: First Nations and American Indian Education

4 First Nations Education Policy in Canada: Building Capacity for Change and Control / Jan Hare

5 Policy Issues in the Education of American Indians and Alaska Natives / John W. Tippeconnic III and Sabrina Redwing Saunders

6 What We Know about Native Participation in Higher Education / Augustine McCaffery

Part 3: Immigrant and Language Education

7 Canadian Policies on Immigrant Language Education / Tracey M. Derwing and Murray J. Munro

8  Language Education in the Conflicted United States / Carlos J. Ovando and Terrence G. Wiley

9 A Critical Examination of Language Policies and Practices in Canada and the United States / Karen M. Gourd

Part 4: Race-Based Policies

10 Race-Based Policies in Canada: Education and Social Context / Adrienne S. Chan

11 Education, American Style: Race-Based School Policies and Practices in the United States / Christopher M. Span, Rashid V. Robinson, and Trinidad Molina Villegas

12 Canadian and American Race-Based Education Policies / Njoki Nathani Wane

Part 5: Employment Equity and Affirmative Action

13 Canada’s Employment Equity Act: Perspectives on Policy and Implementation / Carol Agocs

14 Critical Race Theory and Interest Convergence in the Backlash against Affirmative Action: Washington State and Initiative 200 / Edward Taylor

15 Dialogue across Borders on Employment Equity/Affirmative Action / Michelle Goldberg

Part 6: Extending the Dialogue

16 Institutional Racism in Education Policy and Practice: A View from England / David Gillborn

17 Multicultural Policies and Practices in North America: A Dialogue with the View from England / Catherine Cornbleth, Rinaldo Walcott, Carlos J. Ovando, and Terezia Zoric

Contributors; Index


Multicultural Education Policies in Canada and the United States uses a dialogical approach to examine responses to increasing cultural and racial diversity in both countries. It compares and contrasts foundational myths and highlights the sociopolitical contexts that affect the conditions of citizenship, access to education, and inclusion of diverse cultural knowledge and languages in educational systems.


The book offers a bracing critique of much of what passes for multicultural policy in both countries, and the authors ground their critique very effectively in carefully delineated historical contexts. […] This book should prove invaluable in introducing graduate students to big-picture thinking about the complexities of multicultural polices, and will be valuable both to academics and school administrators as a useful antidote to technocratic policymaking which seeks to pursue multicultural policies in an ahistorical and decontextualised manner.

- Michael O’Loughlin, Adelphi University

Through comparative multicultural education policy analyses, Joshee and Johnson offer in this insightful book, a reflexive and provocative opportunity for us to engage critically in the discussion. After reading this book, we have a better understanding of how multicultural education policies and racist practices in educational institutions and society in Canada and the US have historically become a strong and invisible barrier to minority groups in these countries. […] I recommend this book not only to Canadian and American educators, but to every person concerned about racism and social justice everywhere. In these times of neoliberal globalization, it is crucial to have the option of more informative, critical and inspiring books such as Joshee and Johnson’s.

- Ranilce Guimaraes-Iosif, University of Alberta

This volume is an invaluable resource for educators, policy developers, scholars and activists in the fields of equality and diversity.

- CAUT Bulletin, Vol.56, No.2