Environmental Activism on the Ground

Small Green and Indigenous Organizing

Table des matières


List of Contributors
List of Figures


In the Shadow of the Green Giants:
Environmentalism and Civic Engagement
Jonathan Clapperton and Liza Piper

Process and Possibilities

Strategies for Survival:
First Nations Encounters with Environmentalism
Anna J. Willow

Native/Non-Native Alliances:
Challenging Fossil Fuel Industry Shipping at Pacific Northwest Ports
Zoltán Grossman

Conserving Contested Ground:
Sovereignty–Driven Stewardship by the White Mountain Apache tribe and the Fort Apache Heritage Foundation
John R. Welch

From Southern Alberta to Northern Brazil:
Indigenous Conservation and the Preservation of Cultural Resources
Sterling Evans

Parks For and By the People:
Acknowledging Ordinary People in the Formation, Protection, and Use of State and Provincial Parks
Jessica M. DeWitt


Environmental and Indigenous Activism in the 1970s
Liza Piper

Marmion Lake Generating Station:
Another Northern Scandal?
Tobasonakwut Peter Kinew

Environmental Activism as Anti–Conquest:
The Nuu–chch–nulth and Environmentalists in the Contact Zone of Clayoquot Sound
Jonathan Clapperton

Local Economic Independence as Environmentalism:
Nova Scotia in the 1970s
Mark Leeming

"Not an Easy Thing to Implement":
The Conservation Council of New Brunswick and Environmental Organization in a Resource–Dependent Province, 1969–1983
Mark J. McLaughlin

The Ebb and Flow of Local Environmental Activism:
The Society for Pollution and Environmental Control (SPEC), British Columbia
Jonathan Clapperton

From Social Movement to Environmental Behemoth:
How Greenpeace Got Big
Frank Zelko


Lessons and Directions from the Ground Up
Jonathan Clapperton and Liza Piper



La description

Environmental Activism on the Ground draws upon a wide range of interdisciplinary scholarship to examine small-scale, local environmental activism, paying particular attention to Indigenous experiences. It demonstrates that the modern environmental movement has been as much a small-scale, ordinary activity as a large-scale, elite one.


  • Commended, Alanna Bondar Memorial Book Prize 2020



Jonathan Clapperton and Liza Piper’s essay collection Environmental Activism on the Ground makes an important contribution to scholarly understandings of social movements, environmentalism, and Indigenous/settler relations in Canada and beyond . . . [it]  clearly demonstrates that there is much important work to be done by historians in unpacking the significance and impact of small, grassroots environmental groups and Indigenous activists.

—Henry John, British Journal of Canadian Studies

Environmental Activism on the Ground . . . we can all learn something from these compelling examples.


—Sarah Marie Wiebe, Canadian Journal of Native Studies

An excellent contribution to environmental history . . . the versatility of the text is a testament to both the editors’ choices and the strength of the chapters. The histories Clapperton and Piper have collected are a valuable contribution to furthering our understanding of environmentalism in a Canadian context and beyond

—John-Henry Harter, Historie Social / Social History

An excellent book on grassroots Indigenous activism.


—James C. Saku, American Review of Canadian Studies

Environmental Activism on the Ground successfully foregrounds small-scale, local, and Indigenous organizing in the history of the environmental movement. Not only does this recalibrate our understanding of how the movement has been constituted and has changed over time, but as the editors suggest, it obliges us to reconsider what the impacts of the movement have been. The collection presents an alternative to declensionist narratives and helps to explain one reason why grassroots organizing continues unabated: because it has proven capable of winning and fostering lasting connections.

—Justin Fisher, NiCHE: Network in Canadian History & Environment

Historians of the environmental movement have been working to incorporate more stories “from the ground up” and this volume is a wonderful addition to that growing body of research.

—Darren Speece, Environment and History