Metis and the Medicine Line

Creating a Border and Dividing a People

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"Beautifully written. " - Sarah Carter, author of Lost Harvests and Capturing Women

"A tremendous accomplishment… this book will be the definitive one on this subject for years to come. " - Andrew R. Graybill, author of The Red and the White and Policing the Great Plains

Metis and the Medicine Line is a sprawling, ambitious look at how national borders and notions of race were created and manipulated to unlock access to indigenous lands. It is also an intimate story of individuals and families, brought vividly to life by history writing at its best. It begins with the emergence of the Plains Metis and ends with the fracturing of their communities as the Canada/U. S. border was enforced. It explores the borderland world of the Northern Plains, where an astonishing diversity of people met and mingled. In examining the battles that emerged over who belonged on what side of the border, Hogue disputes Canada's peaceful settlement story of the Prairie West and challenges familiar bromides about the "world's longest undefended border. "


  • Short-listed, Canada Prize in the Humanities, Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences 2016
  • Winner, Stubbendieck Great Plains Distinguished Book Prize 2016
  • Winner, Clio Prize, The Prairies, Canadian Historical Association 2016
  • Short-listed, Sir John A. Macdonald Prize 2016


"Beautifully written. " -Sarah Carter, Professor and H. M. Tory Chair, Department of History and Classics, and Faculty of Native Studies at the University of Alberta

"A tremendous accomplishment. Hogue has beautifully brought to life the widely dispersed Metis communities of this borderland world. Make no mistake, this book will be the definitive one on this subject for years to come. " -Andrew R. Graybill, award-winning historian and author of The Red and the White: A Family Saga of the American West and, Policing the Great Plains: Rangers, Mounties, and the North American Frontier, 1875-1910.