Detention and Deportation in Canada
What determines whether a noncitizen is “deserving” or “undeserving” to be an immigrant to Canada? And how have anxieties about risky outsiders and the quest for security shaped Canada’s response to immigrants and refugees?
Anna Pratt takes a close look at the laws, policies, and practices of detention and deportation in Canada since the Second World War. She demonstrates that although the desire to fortify the border against risky outsiders has long been prominent in Canadian immigration penalty, the degree to which concerns about security, crime, and fraud have come to govern the process is unprecedented. Securing Borders traces the connections between seemingly disparate concerns – detention, deportation, liberalism, law, discretion, welfare, criminal justice, refugees, security, and risk — to consider them in relation to the changing modes of Canadian governance.
This book goes a long way to render visible the material conditions and tangible practices of the detention and deportation of undeserving and undesirable non-citizens, who are essentially being criminalized for the mere act of migration.- Harsha Walia
Pratt’s book provides a complete and lucid analysis of the darker side of immigration policies in Canada. It maintains balance between a theoretical framework, historical backgrounders and practical illustrations, as well as between law and social science insights which will make reading accessible to a larger audience…It is, arguably the most complete and up-to-date Canadian book on detention and deportation.- Sophie Dorais, McGill University
Anna Pratt, a sociologist who teaches criminology, examines an important aspect of Canada’s refugee policy – detention and deportation – from the perspective of human rights and social justice. She sees larger a pattern in connections between the federal government’s immigration and refugee policies, public concerns about crime and welfare fraud, media reporting on immigrant communities such as Toronto’s Somalis, and the trend towards neo-liberalism.- Greg Marquis, University of New Brunswick
Ultimately, Pratt writes convincingly of how (specific groups of) humans have become the object of management. This book also urges for research on a number of immigration management-related issues (e. g. discretion on the part of immigration officials). What I also consider a strength of the book is that it brings abundant light onto these minority ethnic groups in Canada that are relatively neglected by research … it will be invaluable for the researcher of immigration and ethnicity as well as to public official working with migrants and NGO workers.- Georgios A. Antonopoulos, University of Durham