Multiculturalism and Immigration in Canada

An Introductory Reader

Table of contents

1. The Historical Background
From The Contributions of Other Ethnic Groups, "Report of the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism, Book IV"
2. English-Canadian Opposition to Non-British Immigration
From The Calgary Herald, "The Character of Our Immigration," January 18, 1899
3. Racism in Early Canada
From Economic Prosperity in the British Empire
Stephen Leacock
4. Immigration and Canadian Anti-Semitism
From None Is Too Many: Canada and the Jews of Europe, 1933-1948
Irving Abella and Harold Troper
5. The Geneva Convention
From "Britain Calls for Revision of Geneva Convention on Asylum"
Julie Hyland, World Socialist Web Site
6. Canada's Immigration: The Ideological Background
From Planned Migration
William Peterson
7. Ethnicity and Social Class
From The Vertical Mosaic: An Analysis of Social Class and Power in Canada
John Porter
8. Immigration Policy in the Late 1960s
From Venture, "The Canadian Experience"
Freda Hawkins
9. Social Adjustment of Immigrants to Canada: 1940-1975
From Immigration and the Rise of Multiculturalism, "Social Adjustment"
Howard Palmer
10. Multiculturalism: Ideology, Policy and Reality
Evelyn Kallen
11. Aboriginal People and the Meech Lake Accord: Critical Perspectives
From The Meech Lake Primer, "What Are We? Chopped Liver?"
Tony Hall
12. The Ping-Pong Ethnic Politics of Contemporary Quebec
From Risking Utopia: On the Edge of a New Democracy
Irshad Manji
13. The Tolerant Society versus the Accepting Society
From Selling Illusions: The Cult of Multiculturalism in Canada
Neil Bissoondath
14. The Properties of Culture and the Possession of Identity: Postcolonial Struggle and the Legal Imagination
Rosemary J. Coombe
15. Ethnicity and Social Class Thirty Years after the Vertical Mosaic
From The Vertical Mosaic Revisited
Rick Helmes-Hayes and James Curtis
16. Belonging in a Multicultural Context
From Risking Utopia: On the Edge of a New Democracy
Irshad Manji
17. Residential Patterns in Cities
From Immigrant Canada: Demographic, Economic and Social Challenges
T. R. Balakrishnan and Feng Hou
18. The Social Construction of Immigrants
From Destination Canada: Immigration Debates and Issues
Peter Li
19. Immigration and Demographic Structures
From Immigrant Canada: Demographic, Economic and Social Challenges
Roderic P. Beaujot
20. Managing Immigrant Social Transformations
From Immigrant Canada: Demographic, Economic and Social Challenges
James S. Frideres
21. The Illusion of Multiculturalism
From Who Gets In? What's Wrong with Canada's Immigration Program - and How to Fix It
Daniel Stoffman
22. Immigration Policy: Imagined Futures
From Immigrant Canada: Demographic, Economic and Social Challenges
Alan B. Simmons
23. The Child Eventually Grows Up
Eva Tihanyi
24. From The Sacrifice
Adele Wiseman
25. A Class of New Canadians
From A North American Education
Clark Blaise
26. Road Building by Pick Axe
From Woman in the Woods
Joy Kogawa
27. "Griff!"
From When Women Rule
Austin C. Clarke
28. Swimming Lessons
From Tales from Firozsha Baag
Rohinton Mistry
29. On the Eve of Uncertain Tomorrows
From On the Eve of Uncertain Tomorrows
Neil Bissoondath
30. A Garden of Her Own
From Out on Main Street and Other Stories
Shani Mootoo
31. Jacob
From Stories of the Road Allowance People
Maria Campbell
32. From Diamond Grill
Fred Wah
33. On Social Suffering: Fatima's Story
From Politics and Poetics of Migration: Narratives of Iranian Women from the Diaspora
Parin Dossa
34. Ethnic Origin of the Canadian Population: 1971-1971
From Report of the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism, Book IV
35. Federal Multicultural Policy, House of Commons Debates, October 8, 1971
Pierre Elliott Trudeau
36. Canadian Multicultural Act, 1985
Department of Justice, Canada
37. Skilled Worker Self-Assessment
Immigration Canada
Copyright Acknowledgements


Multiculturalism and Immigration in Canada: An Introductory Reader offers a solid introduction to the history and development of the ideology of multiculturalism in Canada. This ideology, which has become the primary designator of Canadian society today, began in the early 1970s when vocal elements in the population who were neither English nor French responded strongly to the investigations of the Committee on Bilingualism and Biculturalism.

Given Canada’s early racist tendencies, the establishment of multiculturalism was a remarkable shift in public thinking. Many issues associated with immigration have arisen in the public debates around multiculturalism. Some people are convinced that it is a pernicious ideology that enforces the ghettoization ofthose different from the mainstream.

Others see dangers in the way some aspects of multiculturalism are merely tokens of an all-inclusive society. Still others contend that the voices of ethnicities aside from those of the two charter groups - English and French - are scarcely heard, and that worse, those marginalized voices are appropriated by mainstream writers.